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Monday, 7 May 2012


Road Network

The management and maintenance of bridges in road networks is responsible by many bridge authorities to use computer-based databases or bridge management systems (BMSs) as data management and analysis tools to aid them in performing many important bridge management functions and decisions. Due to superior spatial data handling capabilities, geographic information system (GIS) technology is increasingly being considered for implementation in many infrastructure planning and management systems, including bridge management systems

Data Acquisition 
In Malaysia, the road network data is required by Public Works Department (JKR) and also one of the implementing agencies under the Ministry of Work (MOW) (with exception of Sabah and Sarawak, whereby JKR in these two states is under respective state government).

Schedule of Rate for Bulk Works is part of the document based on the contract drawings and specifications to be used as a basis for valuation of variation. Schedule of Rate was updates two years by the Unit Cost, CKUB current market price of building materials, labor wages and hire of plant/machinery. It is sold to the public in Central Tender Unit, Procurement and Property Mangement Branch, Ground Floor, Block A, Minintry of Works, Jalan Sultan Salahuddin, 50582 Kuala Lumpur at RM 5.00 per copy.

In JUPEM, Road Map is sold at RM 1.00 per copy for hardcopy and RM130-RM960 per copy for digital depends on scale.

Building Data

The collection and maintenance of buildings in geospatial features for spatial analysis and mapping is quite expensive. Buildings can be analysed in 2D or 3D with the help of ArcMap or 3D Analyst in order to support modelling and simulation planning effort.

Data Acquisition
The building data can be gain at:

Data Cost
"Starter Block"
150 MB

1 GB
4 GB
8 GB
Saz A4 
Saiz A3 
Saiz A2 
Saiz A1 
Saiz A0 

RM  20.00
RM  30.00
RM  60.00
RM 100.00
Rm 110.00
Kapasiti /MB
Kos Medium 

RM 58.00
RM 30.00
RM  5.00

JabatanPenerangan Bandar danDesa Perak DarulRIdzuan.
Tingkat 3 & 7, Bangunan Seri Perak, JalanPanglimaBuitGantangWahab, 30646, Ipoh, Perak DarulRidzuan.

Size AO
Size A1
Size A2
Size A3
Size A4



Land Use Map is a map that provides a land use classes of a region and its information. There are a number of different applications for such maps, and in many nations, land use maps are prepared by several government agencies, for a variety of reasons. Individual groups and organizations can also generate maps with land use information. Often, such maps are publicly available, so that people who are interested in land use trends can access them.

Where to get?

Bahagian Pengurusan & Pemuliharaan Sumber Tanah
Jabatan Pertanian, Wisma Tani Putrajaya
Aras 9, Lot 4G2, Presint 4,
Pusat Pentadbiran Kerajaan Persukutuan
62632 Putrajaya
Phone: 03-88703000


Digital: RM 900 per megabyte
Hardcopy: RM 50 per map sized A0/A1/A2/A3

Application Procedure:
1.      This map can only be applied by Chief Secretary/ Deputy Chief Secretary/ Chief Assistant Secretary/ Head Officer/ Deputy Head Officer/ Assistant Head Officer/ State Chief Department/ Deputy State Chief Department/ Dean of Faculty/ Librarian of Institute of Higher Education/ Director/ Manager
2.      Every application must fulfilled all the requirements;
2.1  Governmental Section
·         PPNM-1 (Pind.1/2008) Form
·         PPP 1/2009 Form
·         Student Declaration Form if the documents need to be brought to overseas
·         Official letter from department
·         2 Copy of Identification Card of the applicants
·         2 Copy of Identification Card of the representatives taking the data
2.2  Non-Governmental Section
·         PPNM-1 (Pind. 1/2008) Form
·         Borang PPP 1/2009 Form
·         ‘Undertaking by Appointed Consultant/ Contractor’ Form if the applicant appointed by government department
·         Official letter from department
·         2 Copy of Identification Card of the applicants
·         2 Copy of company registration certificate
·         2 Copy of appoint letter and guarantee letter from related government department
·         2 Copy of Identification Card of the representatives taking the data
3.      The payment must be made under the Ketua Pengarah Pertanian name.
4.      The application must be addressed to:
Bahagian Pengurusan dan Pemuliharaan Sumber Tanah,
Aras 9, Lot 4G2, Wisma Tani, Presint 4,
Persiaran Putrajaya,
62624 Putrajaya



A specific point location that someone may find useful or interesting. Often used in Cartography especially in electronic variants such as GIS and GPS navigation software. This can help people to find their desired services such as ATM Machine, Petrol Station, Post Office, etc.

Where to get:

1.      Tourist map
·         Tourist Information Center
·         Department of Surveying and Mapping (JUPEM)
·         Bookstores (MPH, Popular, etc)
2.      Thematic map (Town Map)
·         Department of Surveying and Mapping (JUPEM)
3.      GPS Garmin
·         EnterTop Sdn. Bhd
37-2,Jalan Temenggung 9/9,
Bandar Mahkota Cheras,
 43200 Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia


Tourist Map
Tourist Information Center

Bookstores (MPH, Popular, etc)


RM 10 – RM 20
Thematic Map (Town Map)
Department of Surveying and Mapping (JUPEM)
Hardcopy: RM 10
Digital: RM 130-RM960 depends on scale of map

GPS Garmin
EnterTop Sdn. Bhd.
RM 399 – RM 959 depends on specifications offered

Laser Detection and Ranging (LiDAR) Data

LiDAR is an active remote sensing technology recently developed using laser light pulses emitted at a rate between 5,000 and 500,000 pulses per second in a scanning array to the area of interest from a plane or helicopter (Chanikarn,2010). Some LiDAR data can be downloaded for free, but some of its have a specific cost to be paid. The LiDAR companies also sell their data to researchers and its clients.

Data Acquisitions
The LiDAR data can be downloaded in some websites such as:
1.      CLICK (USGS) - The USGS Center for LIDAR Information Coordination and Knowledge (CLICK)


2.      OpenTopography – Data Acquisition and DEMs.


3.      NOAA's State Projects Page – National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)

4.      AAM Company - This company provides free LiDAR data for Malaysia’s region.


LiDAR per 1hectar rm25 (100ha = 1km) and it includes the flying cost, data processing, fieldwork and map printing. 


QuickBird is a high-resolution commercial earth observation satellite, owned by DigitalGlobe and launched in 2001. The satellite collects panchromatic (black & white) imagery at 60-70 centimeter resolution and multispectral imagery at 2.4- and 2.8-meter resolutions. DigitalGlobe is simply the best at identifying the world’s natural resources, monitoring pipelines and facilities, understanding the earth’s environmental condition, protecting homelands and borders, responding to emergencies and natural disasters; then rebuilding, and planning investments in multi-million dollar infrastructure developments. Spot satellite image has been introduced by Spot Image, a public limited company created in 1982 by the French Space Agency, Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales (CNES), the IGN, and Space Manufacturers (Matra, Alcatel, SSC, etc.) is a subsidiary of EADS Astrium (99%). The company is the commercial operator for the SPOT Earth observation satellites. The 2 SPOT satellites in orbit (Spot 4 and 5) provide images with a large choice of resolutions – from 2.5 m to 10 m.

Data Acquisitions
In Malaysia, the satellite imagery data is acquired by Malaysian Remote Sensing Agency (MRSA) under Ministry of Science,Technology and Innovation (MOSTI). The data also can be downloaded in some specific websites.  The QuickBird Company, DigitalGlobe also acquired data for their clients and they may but it online or work directly with their company.


In Malaysia, the Malaysian Remote Sensing Agency (MRSA) has provided the satellite imagery image for Malaysia region such as satellite image from LANDSAT, Spot, QuickBird, Radarsat and IKONOS. The costs are varies due to the size of area and type of clients.

1 comment:

  1. There is an incorrect statement on item 4. AAM didn't provide free LIDAR data for Malaysia region but at certain cost but provide complimentary sample data (small area) for university research purpose only.


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